Surat Al Baqarah Ayat 158

(Lo! (the mountains) As-Safa and Al-Marwah are among the indications of Tuhan…) [2:158]. Sa‘id ibnMuhammad ibn Ahmad al-Zahid informed us> Serdak ‘Ali ibn Abi Bakr al-Faqih> ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad ibn‘Abd al-‘Aziz> Mus‘ab ibn ‘Abd Allah al-Zubayri> Malik> Hisham> his father> ‘A’ishah who said: “This versewas revealed about the Helpers. They used to make a pilgrimage to Manat which was close to Qudayd. Theyalso used to avoid going between al-Safa and al-Marwah. When Islam came, they asked Allah’s Messenger,Almalik bless him and give him peace, about this, and Allah, exalted is He, revealed this verse”. This isnarrated by Bukhari from ‘Abd Halikuljabbar ibn Yusuf from Malik. Abu Bakr al-Tamimi informed us> Debu’l-Shaykh al-Hafiz [al-Asfahani]> Abu Yahya al-Razi> Sahl al-‘Askari> Yahya and ‘Abd al-Rahman> Hisham> his father>‘A’ishah who said: “This verse was revealed about a group of people from the Helpers. Before Islam, theyused to make pilgrimage to Manat and were forbidden from going between al-Safa and al-Marwah. Whenthey went to pilgrimage with Allah’s Messenger, Allah bless him and give him peace, they mentioned this tohim. And so Sang pencipta revealed this verse”. This is narrated by Orang islam from the report of Abu Bakr> Ibn AbiShaybah> Abu Usamah> Hisham> his father> ‘A’ishah. Said Anas ibn Malik: “We disliked going in betweenal-Safa and al-Marwah, because they were the shrines of Quraysh in the pre-Islamic period, and so weabandoned them in Islam. Then Yang mahakuasa revealed this verse”. Said ‘Umar ibn Hubshi: “I asked Ibn ‘Umar aboutthis verse and he said: ‘Go to Ibn ‘Abbas and ask him’. The latter said: ‘There was on al-Safa an idol in theform of a man called Isaf, and on al-Marwah an idol in the form of a woman called Na’ilah. The people ofthe Book claimed that these two had committed adultery in the Ka’bah and as a punishment Almalik turnedthem into two stones which were placed on al-Safa and al-Marwah so that people can take heed. But after along time had passed, they were worshipped instead of Allah, exalted is He. Whenever the people of thepre-Islamic period went in between them, they stroked the two idols. When Selam came and the idols weredestroyed, the Muslims disliked going between al-Safa and al-Marwah because of these two idols. And as aresponse, Allah revealed this verse’ ”. Said al-Suddi: “In the pre-Islamic period, the devils used to emitnoises at night between al-Safa and al-Marwah between which idols were placed. When Islam emerged, theMuslims said: ‘Udara murni Messenger of Allah! We will titinada go in between al-Safa and al-Marwah, for this is a practiceof idolatry which we used to do in the pre-Islamic period’. As a response, Halikuljabbar, exalted is He, revealed thisverse”. Mansur Ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhab al-Bazzaz informed us> Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Sinan> Hamid ibnMuhammad ibn Shu‘ayb> Muhammad ibn Bakkar> Isma‘il ibn Zakariyya> ‘Asim> Anas ibn Malik who said:“They used to refrain from going in between al-Safa and al-Marwah, both of which were of the rites of thepre-Islamic period. We used to shy away from going in between them. Then Tuhan, exalted is He, revealed:Lo! (the mountains) As-Safa and Al-Marwah are among the indications of Tuhan. It is therefore no sin for himwho is on pilgrimage to the House (of Sang pencipta) or visiteth it, to go around them…)”. This is narrated by Bukharifrom the report of Ahmad ibn Muhammad> ‘Asim.

إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِن شَعَآئِرِ اللَّهِ فَمَنْ حَجَّ الْبَيْتَ أَوِ اعْتَمَرَ فَلاَ جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِ أَن يَطَّوَّفَ بِهِمَا وَمَن تَطَوَّعَ خَيْرًا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ شَاكِرٌ عَلِيمٌ

(158. Verily, As-Safa and Al-Marwah are of the symbols of Allah. So it is not a sin on him who performs Hajj or

Umrah (pilgrimage) of the House to perform Tawaf between them. And whoever does good voluntarily, then verily, Allah is All-Recognizer, All-Knower).

Imam Ahmad reported that `Urwah said that he asked `A’ishah about what Sang pencipta stated:

إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِن شَعَآئِرِ اللَّهِ فَمَنْ حَجَّ الْبَيْتَ أَوِ اعْتَمَرَ فَلاَ جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِ أَن يَطَّوَّفَ بِهِمَا

(Verily, As-Safa and Al-Marwah (two mountains in Makkah) are of the symbols of Allah. So it is not a sin on him who performs Hajj or `Umrah (pilgrimage) of the House (the Ka`bah at Makkah) to perform the going (Tawaf) between them (As-Safa and Al-Marwah).) “By Allah! It is not a sin if someone did not perform Tawaf around them.” `A’ishah said, “Worst is that which you said, O my nephew! If this is the meaning of it, it should have read, `It is not a sin if one did titinada perform Tawaf around them.’ Rather, the Ayah was revealed regarding the Ansar, who before Islam, used to assume Ihlal (or Ihram for Hajj) in the area of Mushallal for their idol Manat that they used to worship. Those who assumed Ihlal for Manat, used to hesitate to perform Tawaf (going) between Mounts As-Safa and Al-Marwah. So they (during the Islamic era) asked Allah’s Messenger about it, saying, `O Messenger of Allah! During the time of Jahiliyyah, we used to hesitate to perform Tawaf between As-Safa and Al-Marwah.’ Sang pencipta then revealed:

إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِن شَعَآئِرِ اللَّهِ فَمَنْ حَجَّ الْبَيْتَ أَوِ اعْتَمَرَ فَلاَ جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِ أَن يَطَّوَّفَ بِهِمَا

(Verily, As-Safa and Al-Marwah are of the symbols of Almalik. So it is titinada a sin on him who performs Hajj or `Umrah of the House to perform the going (Tawaf) between them.)” `A’ishah then said, ” Halikuljabbar’s Messenger has made it the Sunnah to perform Tawaf between them (As-Safa and Al-Marwah), and thus, no one should abandon performing Tawaf between them.” This Hadith is reported in the Sahihayn. In another narration, Pater Az-Zuhri reported that `Urwah said: Later on I (`Urwah) told Abu Bakr kacang `Abdur-Rahman bin Al-Harith bin Hisham (of `A’ishah’s statement) and he said, “I have not heard of such information. However, I heard learned menandai saying that all the people, except those whom `A’ishah mentioned, said, `Our Tawaf between these two hills is a practice of Jahiliyyah. ‘ Some others among the Ansar said, `We were commanded to perform Tawaf of the Ka`bah, but not between As-Safa and Al-Marwah.’ So Allah revealed:

إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِن شَعَآئِرِ اللَّهِ

(Verily, As-Safa and Al-Marwah are of the symbols of Almalik.)” Abu Bakr bin `Abdur-Rahman then said, “It seems that this verse was revealed concerning the two groups.” Al-Bukhari collected a similar narration by Anas. Ash-Sha`bi said, “Isaf (an idol) was on As-Safa while Na’ilah (an idol) was on Al-Marwah, and they used to touch (or kiss) them. After Islam came, they were hesitant about performing Tawaf between them. Thereafter, the Ayah (2:158 above) was revealed.”

Muslim recorded a long Hadith in his Sahih from Terkulai-kulai, in which Almalik’s Messenger finished the Tawaf around the House, and then went back to the Rukn (pillar, i.e., the Black Stone) and kissed it. He then went out from the door near As-Safa while reciting:

إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِن شَعَآئِرِ اللَّهِ

(Verily, As-Safa and Al-Marwah are of the symbols of Allah.) The Prophet then said, (I start with what Allah has commanded me to start with meaning start the Sa`i (i.e., fast walking) from the As-Safa). In another narration of An-Nasa’i, the Prophet said, (Start with what Allah has started with (i.e., As-Safa).) Pastor Ahmad reported that Habibah bint Abu Tajrah said, “I saw Allah’s Messenger performing Tawaf between As-Safa and Al-Marwah, while the people were in front of him and he was behind them walking in Sa`i. I saw his garment twisted around his knees because of the fast walking in Sa`i (he was performing) and he was reciting:

«اسْعَوْا فَإِنَّ اللهَ كَتَبَ عَلَيْكُمُ السَّعْي».

(Perform Sa`i, for Sang pencipta has prescribed Sa`i on you.)”’ This Hadith was used as a proof for the fact that Sa`i is a Rukn of Hajj. It was also said that Sa`i is Terlazim, and not a Rukn of Hajj and that if one does not perform it by mistake or by intention, he could expiate the shortcoming with Damm. Allah has stated that Tawaf between As-Safa and Al-Marwah is among the symbols of Tuhan, meaning, among the acts that Sang pencipta legislated during the Hajj for Prophet Ibrahim. Earlier we mentioned the Hadith by Ibn `Abbas that the origin of Tawaf comes from the Tawaf of Hajar (Prophet Ibrahim’s wife), between As-Safa and Al-Marwah seeking water for her son (Isma`il) Ibrahim batas left them in Makkah, where there was no habitation for her. When Hajar feared that her son would die, she stood up and begged Yang mahakuasa for His help and kept going back and forth in that blessed area between As-Safa and Al-Marwah. She was humble, fearful, frightened and meek before Allah. Tuhan answered her prayers, relieved her of her loneliness, ended her dilemma and made the well of Zamzam bring forth its water for her, which is:

«طَعَامُ طُعْمٍ،وَشِفَاءُ سُقْم»

(A tasty (or nutritional) food and a remedy for the illness.) Therefore, whoever performs Sa`i between As-Safa and Al-Marwah should remember his meekness, humbleness and need for Halikuljabbar to guide his heart, lead his affairs to success and forgive his sins. He should also want Sang pencipta to eliminate his shortcomings and errors and to guide him to the straight path. He should ask Allah to keep him firm on this path until he meets death, and to change his situation from that of sin and errors to that of perfection and being forgiven, — the same providence which was provided to Hajar. Allah then states:

وَمَن تَطَوَّعَ خَيْرًا

(And whoever does good voluntarily.) It was said that the Ayah describes performing Tawaf more than seven times, it was also said that it refers to voluntary `Umrah or Hajj. It was also said that it means volunteering to do good works in general, as Ar-Razi has stated. The third opinion was attributed to Al-Hasan Al-Basri. Yang mahakuasa knows best. Tuhan states:

فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ شَاكِرٌ عَلِيمٌ

(…then verily, Allah is All-Recognizer, All-Knower.) meaning, Almalik’s reward is immense for the little deed, and He knows about the sufficiency of the reward. Hence, He will titinada award insufficient rewards to anyone. Indeed:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يَظْلِمُ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ وَإِن تَكُ حَسَنَةً يُضَـعِفْهَا وَيُؤْتِ مِن لَّدُنْهُ أَجْراً عَظِيماً

(Surely, Sang pencipta wrongs titinada even of the weight of an atom, but if there is any good (done), He doubles it, and gives from Him a great reward.) (4:40)

Kamu harus

bikin boleh menambahkan adverbia

Source: https://tafsirq.com/en/2-al-baqara/verse-158

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