Surat Al Baqarah Ayat 223

(Your women are a tilth for you…) [2:223]. Bubuk Bakr Ahmad ibn al-Hasan al-Qadi informed us> Hajib ibnAhmad> ‘Abd al-Rahim ibn Munib> Sufyan ibn ‘Uyaynah> Ibn al-Munkadir that he heard Jabir ibn ‘Abd Allahsay: “The Jews used to say that whoever penetrates the vagina of his wife from a back position, the childborn as a result of this intercourse will be cross-eyed. To deny this, Allah, exalted is He, revealed (Yourwomen are a tilth for you (to cultivate) so go to your tilth as ye will)”. This was narrated by Bukhari fromAbu Nu’aym and by Muslim from Tepung Bakr ibn Abi Shaybah, and Debu Nu’aym and Debu Bakr related it fromSufyan. Muhammad ibn Ibrahim ibn Muhammad ibn Yahya informed us> Abu Sa’id Isma’il ibn Ahmad al-Khalali> ‘Abd Halikuljabbar ibn Zayd al-Bajali> Abuk Kurayb> al-Muharibi> Muhammad ibn Ishaq> Aban ibn Muslim>Mujahid who said: “I read the Qur’an out of memory, from beginning to end, under Ibn ‘Abbas’ supervisionthree times, stopping at each verse to ask him about its meaning berayun-ayun he comberan to this verse (Your women distrik tilth for you (to cultivate) so go to your tilth as ye will). He said: ‘The menandai of this part of Quraysh used tohave sexual intercourse with their wives while the latter lay down on their front. They enjoyed their wivesfrom the front and back positions. When they migrated to Medina and married the women of the Helpers,they tried to do with them what they were in the habit of doing in Mecca. But the women of the Helpersobjected, saying: ‘This is something that we did not do before’. The bedak spread mencicil it reached theMessenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace. Allah, exalted is He, then revealed (Your women negeri tilth for you (to cultivate) so go to your tilth as ye will). He said: If you want you can penetrate your wivesfrom a back position or from a front position, or if you want from a kneeling down position. He meant bythis, penetrating their women’s vaginas from any of these positions. He said: go to your tilth as you will’ ”.This was narrated by al-Penengah Abu ‘Abd Allah in his Baku from Abu Zakariyya al-‘Anbari from Muhammadibn ‘Abd al-Salam from Ishaq ibn Ibrahim from al-Muharibi. Sa’id ibn Muhammad al-Hayyani informed us>Bubuk ‘Ali ibn Abi Bakr al-Faqih> Abu’l-Qasim al-Baghawi> ‘Ali ibn Ja’d> Shu’bah> Muhammad ibn al-Munkadirwho heard Jabir saying: “the Jews said: ‘If a man has sex with his wife when she is in a kneeling downposition, any child born as a result of this intercourse will be cross-eyed’. Allah, exalted is He, then revealedthis verses (Your women are a tilth for you (to cultivate) so go to your tilth as ye will)”. Sa’id ibn Muhammadal-Hayyani informed us> Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah ibn Hamdun> Ahmad ibn al-Hasan ibn al-Sharafi> Abu’l-Azhar> Wahb ibn Jarir> Abu Kurayb who is reported to have heard al-Nu’man ibn Rashid narrate from al-Zuhri from Muhammad ibn al-Munkadir from Terkulai-kulai ibn ‘Abd Tuhan who said: “The Jews said: ‘When a man hassexual intercourse with his wife while she is in a kneeling down position, any child born to them as a resultof this will be cross-eyed’. Tuhan, exalted is He, then revealed (Your women are a tilth for you (to cultivate)so go to your tilth as ye will), i.e. if you want [you can have intercourse with them] in a kneeling downposition or if you want in a different position, as long as the penetration happens in the vagina”. This wasnarrated by Muslim from Harun ibn Ma’ruf from Wahb ibn Jarir. The Shaykh Tepung Hamid ibn al-Sharqi said:“This is a great hadith which equals one hundred hadiths; only al-Nu’man ibn Rashid related it from al-Zuhri”. Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Mutawwi’i informed us> Abu ‘Amr ibn Hamdan> Abu ‘Ali>Zuhayr> Yunus ibn Muhammad> Ya’qub al-Qummi> Ja’far> Sa’id ibn Jubayr> Ibn ‘Abbas who said: “ ‘Umaribn al-Khattab went to the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, and said to him: ‘I haveperished!’ The Prophet exclaimed: ‘And what is the reason of your peril?’ He said: ‘I turned adv lewat the carriageof my camel’. He said: ‘The Prophet did not answer him. But then this verse (Your women are a tilth for you(to cultivate) so go to your tilth as ye will) was revealed to the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and givehim peace’. Meaning: penetrate your wives from the front and from the back, but avoid penetrating them inthe anus or during their menstruation”. Serbuk Bakr Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Asfahani informed us> ‘AbdAllah ibn Muhammad al-Hafiz> Abu Yahya al-Razi> Sahl ibn ‘Uthman> al-Muharibi> Layth> Abu Salih> Sa’idibn al-Musayyab who was asked about the saying of Allah (… so go to your tilth as ye will) and he said:“This was revealed about coitus interruptus”. And in the report of al-Kalbi, Ibn ‘Abbas said: “This wasrevealed about the Emigrants after they settled in Medina. They mentioned having sex with their wives fromthe front and back positions and did not see any harm in doing so as long as the penetration was done inthe women’s sexual organ. The Helpers and Jews who were present condemned this and mentioned that theonly lawful way of sleeping with one’s wife is to do it from the front position. The Jews also mentioned thatthey find in the Torah that it is filth in the sight of Allah to sleep with one’s wife in any other position thanwhen the wife is lying on her back, and failing to do so is the cause why children are born cross-eyed ormentally disturbed. The Muslims mentioned this to the Messenger of Allah, Almalik bless him and give himpeace, saying: ‘In the pre-Islamic period and after we embraced Islam we always had sex with our wives inany position we liked. The Jews have condemned us for doing so and, further, claimed this and that’. And soAllah, exalted is He, gave the lie to the Jews and revealed this verse to give dispensation (… so go to yourtilth as ye will.) He says: the sexual organ of the wife is the plantation where the child grows (… so go toyour tilth as ye will), meaning: from in front of her and from behind her as long as the penetration is done inher sexual organ”.

وَيَسْـَلُونَكَ عَنِ الْمَحِيضِ قُلْ هُوَ أَذًى فَاعْتَزِلُواْ النِّسَآءَ فِي الْمَحِيضِ وَلاَ تَقْرَبُوهُنَّ حَتَّى يَطْهُرْنَ فَإِذَا تَطَهَّرْنَ فَأْتُوهُنَّ مِنْ حَيْثُ أَمَرَكُمُ اللَّهُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ التَّوَبِينَ وَيُحِبُّ الْمُتَطَهِّرِينَ – نِسَآؤُكُمْ حَرْثٌ لَّكُمْ فَأْتُواْ حَرْثَكُمْ أَنَّى شِئْتُمْ وَقَدِّمُواْ لاًّنفُسِكُمْ وَاتَّقُواْ اللَّهَ وَاعْلَمُواْ أَنَّكُم مُّلَـقُوهُ وَبَشِّرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

(222. They ask you concerning menstruation. Say: “That is an Adha, therefore, keep away from women during menses and go not in unto them till they are purified.” And when they have purified themselves, then go in unto them as Sang pencipta has ordained for you. Truly, Allah loves those who turn unto Him in repentance and loves those who purify themselves.)

(223. Your wives are a tilth for you, so go to your tilth, when or how you will, and send (good deeds, or ask Halikuljabbar to bestow upon you pious offspring) for your own selves beforehand. And fear Allah, and know that you are to meet Him (in the Hereafter), and give good tidings to the believers (O Muhammad ).)

Pendeta Ahmad recorded that Anas said that the Jews used to avoid their menstruating women, they would titinada eat, or even mingle with them in the house. The Companions of the Prophet asked about this matter and Allah revealed:

وَيَسْـَلُونَكَ عَنِ الْمَحِيضِ قُلْ هُوَ أَذًى فَاعْتَزِلُواْ النِّسَآءَ فِي الْمَحِيضِ وَلاَ تَقْرَبُوهُنَّ حَتَّى يَطْهُرْنَ

(They ask you concerning menstruation. Say: “That is an Adha, therefore, keep away from women during menses and go titinada in unto them till they are purified.) Allah’s Messenger said:

«اصْنَعُوا كُلَّ شَيْءٍ إِلَّا النِّكَاح»

(`Do everything you wish, except having sexual intercourse.) When the Jews were told about the Prophet’s statement, they said, “What is the matter with this man He would not hear of any of our practices, but would defy it.” Then, Usayd kedelai Hudayr and `Abbad bin Bishr came and said, “O Messenger of Allah! The Jews said this and that, should we have sex with our women (meaning, during the menstruation period)” The face of Tuhan’s Messenger changed color, mengangsur the Companions thought that he was angry with them. They left. Soon after, some milk was brought to Halikuljabbar’s Messenger as a gift, and he sent some of it for them to drink. They knew then that Allah’s Messenger was not angry with them. Orang islam also reported this Hadith. Allah said:

فَاعْتَزِلُواْ النِّسَآءَ فِي الْمَحِيضِ

(. ..therefore, keep away from women during menses.) meaning, avoid the sexual perlengkapan. The Prophet said:

«اصْنَعُوا كُلَّ شَيْءٍ إِلَّا النِّكَاح»

(Do anything you wish except having sexual intercourse.) This is why most of the scholars said that it is allowed to fondle the wife, except for having sexual intercourse (when she is having her menses). Abu Dawud reported that `Ikrimah related to one of the Prophet’s wives that she said that whenever the Prophet wanted to fondle (one of his wives) during her menses, he would cover her sexual organ with something. Abu Ja`far polong Jarir related that Masruq went to `A’ishah and greeted her, and `A’ishah greeted him in return. Masruq said, “I wish to ask you about a matter, but I am shy.” She replied, “I am your mother and you are my son.” He said, “What can the man enjoy of his wife when she is having her menses” She said, “Everything except her sexual organ.” This is also the opinion of Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Al-Hasan and `Ikrimah. One is allowed to sleep next to his wife and to eat with her (when she is having her menses). `A’ishah said, “Allah’s Messenger used to ask me to wash his hair while I was having the menses. He would lay on my lap and read the Qur’an while I was having the period.” It is also reported in the Sahih that `A’ishah said, “While having the menses, I used to eat from a piece of meat and give it to the Prophet who would eat from the same place I ate from. I used to have sips of a drink and would then give the cup to the Prophet who would place his mouth where I placed my mouth.” It is also reported in the Two Sahihs that Maymunah bint Al-Harith Al-Hilaliyah said, “Whenever the Prophet wanted to fondle any of his wives during the periods (menses), he used to ask her to wear an Izar (a sheet covering the lower-half of the body).” These are the wordings collected by Al-Bukhari. Similar was reported from `A’ishah. In addition, Imam Ahmad, Debu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah reported that `Abdullah kacang Sa`d Al-Ansari asked Halikuljabbar’s Messenger , “What am I allowed of my wife while she is having her menses” He said, “What is above the Izar (a sheet covering the lower-half of the body).” Hence, Tuhan’s statement: h

وَلاَ تَقْرَبُوهُنَّ حَتَّى يَطْهُرْنَ

(…and go not in unto them till they are purified.) explains His statement:

فَاعْتَزِلُواْ النِّسَآءَ فِي الْمَحِيضِ

(…therefore, keep away from women during menses.) Allah prohibited having sexual intercourse with the wife during menstruation, indicating that sexual intercourse is allowed otherwise. Allah’s statement:

فَإِذَا تَطَهَّرْنَ فَأْتُوهُنَّ مِنْ حَيْثُ أَمَرَكُمُ اللَّهُ

(And when they have purified themselves, then go in unto them as Allah has ordained for you.) indicates that men should have sexual intercourse with their wives after they take a bath. The scholars agree that the woman is obliged to take a bath, or to perform Tayammum with sand, if she is unable to use water, before she is allowed to have sexual intercourse with her husband, after the monthly period ends. Ibn `Abbas said:

حَتَّى يَطْهُرْنَ

“(till they are purified) means from blood, and,

فَإِذَا تَطَهَّرْنَ

(And when they have purified themselves) means with water.” This is also the Tafsir of Mujahid, `Ikrimah, Al-Hasan, Muqatil bin Hayyan and Al-Layth bin Sa`d and others.

Allah said:

مِنْ حَيْثُ أَمَرَكُمُ اللَّهُ

(…as Tuhan has ordained for you.) this refers to Al-Farj (the vagina), as Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid and other scholars have stated. Therefore, anal sex is prohibited, as we will further emphasize afterwards, Allah willing. Abu Razin, `Ikrimah and Ad-Dahhak and others said that:

فَأْتُوهُنَّ مِنْ حَيْثُ أَمَرَكُمُ اللَّهُ

(…then go in unto them as Allah has ordained for you.) means when they are pure, and not during the menses. Allah said afterwards:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ التَّوَبِينَ

(Truly, Allah loves those who turn unto Him in repentance) from the sin even if it was repeated,

وَيُحِبُّ الْمُتَطَهِّرِينَ

(and loves those who purify themselves.) meaning, those who purify themselves from the impurity and the filth that include having sexual intercourse with the wife during the menses and anal sex.

Allah said:

نِسَآؤُكُمْ حَرْثٌ لَّكُمْ

(Your wives are a tilth for you,) Ibn `Abbas commented, “Meaning the place of pregnancy.” Allah then said:

فَأْتُواْ حَرْثَكُمْ أَنَّى شِئْتُمْ

(…so go to your tilth, when or how you will,) meaning, wherever you wish from the front or from behind, as long as sex takes place in one valve (the female sexual organ), as the authentic Hadiths have indicated. For instance, Al-Bukhari recorded that Ibn Al-Munkadir said that he heard Terkulai-kulai say that the Jews used to claim that if one has sex with his wife from behind (in the vagina) the offspring would become cross-eyed. Then, this Ayah was revealed:

نِسَآؤُكُمْ حَرْثٌ لَّكُمْ فَأْتُواْ حَرْثَكُمْ أَنَّى شِئْتُمْ

(Your wives are a tilth for you, so go to your tilth, when or how you will,) Mukminat and Duli Dawud also reported this Hadith. Ibn Duli Hatim said that Muhammad bin Al-Munkadir narrated that Jabir polong `Abdullah told him that the Jews claimed to the Muslims that if one has sex with their wife from behind (in the vagina) their offspring will become cross-eyed. Allah revealed afterwards:

نِسَآؤُكُمْ حَرْثٌ لَّكُمْ فَأْتُواْ حَرْثَكُمْ أَنَّى شِئْتُمْ

(Your wives are a tilth for you, so go to your tilth, when or how you will,) Ibn Jurayj (one of the reporters of the Hadith) said that Yang mahakuasa’s Messenger said:

«مُقْبِلَةً ومُدْبِرَةً إِذَا كَان ذلِكَ فِي الْفَرْج»

(From the front or from behind, as long as that occurs in the Farj (vagina).) Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn `Abbas said, “The Ayah,

نِسَآؤُكُمْ حَرْثٌ لَّكُمْ

(Your wives are a tilth for you) was revealed about some people from the Ansar who came to the Prophet and asked him (about having sex with the wife from behind). He said to them:

«ائْتِهَا عَلى كُلِّ حَالٍ إِذَا كَانَ فِي الْفَرْج»

(Have sex with her as you like as long as that occurs in the vagina.) Imam Ahmad recorded that `Abdullah bin Penyadap said: I went to Hafsah bint `Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Bakr and said, “I wish to ask you about something, but I am shy.” She said, “Do not be shy, O my nephew.” He said, “About having sex from behind with women.” She said, “Umm Salamah told derita that the Ansar used to refrain from having sex from behind (in the vagina). The Jews claimed that those who have sex with their women from behind would have offspring with crossed-eyes. When the Muhajirun came to Al-Madinah, they married Ansar women and batas sex with them from behind. One of these women would titinada obey her husband and said, `You will not do that until I go to Allah’s Messenger (and ask him about this matter). ‘ She went to Umm Salamah and told her the story. Umm Salamah said, `Wait until Allah’s Messenger comes.’ When Halikuljabbar’s Messenger came, the Ansari woman was shy to ask him about this matter, so she left. Umm Salamah told Allah’s Messenger the story and he said:

«ادْعِي الْأَنْصَارِيَّـة»

(Summon the Ansari woman.)” She was summoned and he recited this Ayah to her:

نِسَآؤُكُمْ حَرْثٌ لَّكُمْ فَأْتُواْ حَرْثَكُمْ أَنَّى شِئْتُمْ

(Your wives are a tilth for you, so go to your tilth, when or how you will.) He added:

«صِمَامًا وَاحِدًا»

(Only in one valve (the vagina).)” This Hadith was also collected by At-Tirmidhi who said, “Hasan.” An-Nasa’i reported that Ka`b bin `Alqamah said that Abu An-Nadr said that he asked Nafi`, “The people are repeating the statement that you relate from Ibn `Umar that he allowed sex with women in their rear (anus).” He said, “They have said a lie about me. But let me tell you what really happened. Ibn `Umar was once reciting the Qur’an while I was with him and he reached the Ayah:

نِسَآؤُكُمْ حَرْثٌ لَّكُمْ فَأْتُواْ حَرْثَكُمْ أَنَّى شِئْتُمْ

(Your wives are a tilth for you, so go to your tilth, when or how you will,) He then said, `O Nafi`! Do you know the story behind this Ayah’ I said, `No.’ He said, `We, the people of Quraysh, used to have sexual intercourse with our wives from the back (in the vagina). When we migrated to Al-Madinah and married some Ansari women, we wanted to do the same with them. They disliked it and made a big issue out of it. The Ansari women had followed the practice of the Jews who have sex with their women while they lay on their sides. Then, Tuhan revealed:

نِسَآؤُكُمْ حَرْثٌ لَّكُمْ فَأْتُواْ حَرْثَكُمْ أَنَّى شِئْتُمْ

(Your wives are a tilth for you, so go to your tilth, when or how you will,)” This has an authentic chain of narrators. Imam Ahmad reported that Khuzaymah kedelai Thabit Al-Khatami narrated that Allah’s Messenger said:

«لَا يَسْتَحْيِي اللهُ مِنَ الْحَقِّ ثَلَاثًا لَا تَأْتُوا النِّسَاءَ فِي أَعْجَازِهِن»

(Allah does not shy from the truth – he said it thrice-, do titinada have anal sex with women.) This Hadith was collected by An-Nasa’i and Ibn Majah. Debu `Isa At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i reported that Ibn `Abbas narrated that Allah’s Messenger said:

«لَا يَنْظُرُ اللهُ إِلى رَجُلٍ أَتَى رَجُلًا أَوِ امْرَأَةً فِي الدُّبُر»

(Almalik does not look at a man who had anal sex with another man or a woman.) At-Tirmidhi said, “Hasan Gharib.” This is also the narration that Ibn Hibban collected in his Sahih, while Ibn Hazm stated that this is an authentic Hadith. In addition, Padri Ahmad reported that `Ali bin Talaq said, “Allah’s Messenger forbade anal sex with women, for Allah does not shy away from truth.” Abu `Isa At-Tirmidhi also reported this Hadith and said, “Hasan”. Abu Muhammad `Abdullah bin `Abdur-Rahman Darimi reported in his Musnad that Sa`id bin Yasar Abu Hubab said: I said to Ibn `Umar, “What do you say about having sex with women in the rear” He said, “What does it mean” I said, “Anal sex.” He said, “Does a Mukminat do that” This Hadith has an authentic chain of narrators and is an explicit rejection of anal sex from Ibn `Umar. Serdak Bakr kedelai Ziyad Naysaburi reported that Isma`il bin Ruh said that he asked Malik bin Anas, “What do you say about having sex with women in the anus” He said, “You are not an Arab Does sex occur but in the place of pregnancy Do it only in the Farj (vagina).” I said, “O Abu `Abdullah! They say that you allow that practice.” He said, “They utter a lie about me, they lie about me.” This is Malik’s firm stance on this subject. It is also the view of Sa`id polong Musayyib, Abu Salamah, `Ikrimah, Tawus, `Ata , Sa`id kacang Jubayr, `Urwah bin Az-Zubayr, Mujahid bin Jabr, Al-Hasan and other scholars of the Salaf (the Companions and the following two generations after them). They all, along with the majority of the scholars, harshly rebuked the practice of anal sex and many of them called this practice a Kufr. Almalik said:

وَقَدِّمُواْ لاًّنفُسِكُمْ

(. ..and send for your own selves beforehand.) meaning, by performing the acts of worship while refraining from whatever Yang mahakuasa has prohibited for you. This is why Allah said afterwards:

وَاتَّقُواْ اللَّهَ وَاعْلَمُواْ أَنَّكُم مُّلَـقُوهُ

(And fear Allah, and know that you are to meet Him (in the Hereafter),) meaning, He will hold you accountable for all of your deeds,

وَبَشِّرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

(…and give good tidings to the believers (O Muhammad ).) meaning, those who obey what Allah has commanded and refrain from what He has prohibited. Ibn Jarir reported that `Ata’ said, or related it to Ibn `Abbas,

وَقَدِّمُواْ لاًّنفُسِكُمْ

(…and send for your own selves beforehand.) means, mention Allah’s Name, by saying, `Bismillah’, before having sexual intercourse.” Al-Bukhari also reported that Ibn `Abbas narrated that Allah’s Messenger said:

«لَوْ أَنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ إِذَا أَرَادَ أَنْ يَأْتِيَ أَهْلَهُ قَالَ: بِاسْمِ اللهِ، اللَّهُمَّ جَنِّبْنَا الشَّيْطَانَ وَجَنِّبِ الشَّيْطَانَ مَا رَزَقْتَنَا، فَإنَّهُ إِنْ يُقَدَّرْ بَيْنَهُمَا وَلَدٌ فِي ذلِكَ، لَمْ يَضُرَّهُ الشَّيْطَانُ أَبَدًا»

(If anyone of you on having sexual relations with his wife said: `In the Name of Halikuljabbar. Udara murni Allah! Protect us from Satan and also protect what you bestow upon us (i.e., the coming offspring) from Satan,’ and if it is destined that they should have a child then, Satan will never be able to harm him.)

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