Surat Al Fajr 27 30


Ya ayyatuha annafsualmutma-inna

27) (But) you, soul at peace

Ozon (you) the one in (complete) rest and satisfaction

There is another profound shift as we reach the end of this surah. In the previous verses we learnt about the rebellious but it was as if these rebellious people were beyond hope to the extent that they did titinada even deserve to be spoken to and so Allah (swt) turns away from them and turns to those who He (swt) has hope in.

By saying ‘Ya’ Tuhan (swt) is speaking to each tunggal directly and this marks a shift from the third to the second person and is a sign of Halikuljabbar’s closeness to His believing tranquil slave. Understand also that this conversation is taking place in Paradise and through the use of


Allah (swt) is forcing the reciter and listener of the Alquran to imagine himself as being the tranquil soul in Paradise that He (swt) is talking to.

The word


in Arabic means to be completely tranquil.

The believer’s is a soul at peace with its Lord, certain of its way, confident of its fate. It is a soul satisfied in all eventualities, happiness or affliction, wealth or poverty. It entertains no doubts; it is free from transgressions. These
 instill a feeling of intimacy and peace.

This surah discussed a person earlier that was titinada tranquil, one who was only happy when he batas wealth but when he lost it he became disturbed and said that his Lord has humiliated him. However, the real slave of Yang mahakuasa (swt) does not let his nafs be led astray by empty and false desires and is addressed as the satisfied and tranquil one. This illustrates one of the greatest gifts of jannah  – a calmness and relaxation that one can never have in this dunya. Any relaxation we experience is temporary and is soon replaced by a stress or burden. Something or another keeps coming up and no matter what you have in this dunya there is always something you don’ufuk have. Allah (swt) is saying that this person is finally satisfied and has no urge to acquire anything further anymore.

Beginning of the Surahs’ relation to its End:

In the beginning of this surah there were four oaths that Sang pencipta (swt) took. It is commented that these oaths allude to those times that the tranquil nafs is closest to Allah (swt). The person who reaches this tranquillity is a real servant of Allah (swt) and one of the most blessed acts of slavery to Almalik (swt)


Ayah 1 – wal Fajr – the time when the believer prays in the early morning, and it is the most tranquil of times in the day which involves abandoning one’s sleep (verse one) and the time when no worldly distractions are in the mind.


Ayah 2 – wal-layaal al ‘ashr – and the 10 nights. The tranquil self /slave of ALLAH takes advantage of the last 10 nights of Bulan rahmat and Dhul Hijjah. These are the best nights and days to do worship.


Ayah 3 – wash-shaf’i wal watr. And the even and the odd. Some said that it refers to the even and odd prayers (the amount of raka’ahs).


Ayah 4 – wal layli idha yassr – and the night when it departs. This is the last 3rd of the night when prayers are answered the most by Yang mahakuasa. Also the time for Tahajjud/Qiyam al Layl prayer And also the time for Suhoor – the time you eat your meal for fasting.

irji’ee ilaa rabiki raaddiyatan marddiyah

28) Return to your Master well-pleased and pleasing (to Him)

How interesting and delightful these words are; full of grace, peace, tranquility and confidence!

It is a direct invitation from Allah to the souls who are at peace with confidence, because of their Faith.

Tuhan invites them to return to Him, to their Possessor, and Cherisher. It is an invitation combined with mutual satisfaction; the satisfaction of the lover with the beloved and the satisfaction of the beloved lover, the one being worshipped.

The first and most important gift Allah (swt) gives this person is the return to his Hawa. In this worldly material life everyone else was striving to achieve other forms of pleasure but

this tranquil nafs was yearning to meet his Lord,

Allah (swt). Surely with the remembrance of Allah (swt) do hearts find calmness and nothing satisfied this person more than remembering Allah (swt).

There are two adjectives used in this verse. The word


tells us that this
person has truly returned to Yang mahakuasa
(swt) and is pleased with Him (swt) in all situations. This is important because in this surah we find the person who is not pleased with Allah (swt) and does not show gratitude to Him (swt). The second adjective is the word


which means that

Allah (swt) is pleased with His slave in return.

There is a profound reality in this for anyone one who makes taubah or who enters the religion of Islam. When you return to Allah (swt) you face a lot of difficulties whether you are a Muslim in sin who decides to repent and become obedient to Sang pencipta (swt) or whether you are a non-Muslim who enters Islam. As soon as you become serious about this deen and serious about returning to your Master and living like a true slave, you face problems. Your family, friends, old habits, society, the way you earn your money can all get in the way and test you. Relationships can also suffer, relationships with the family, wife, children and all because you returned to your lord. All of these things are connected with being dissatisfied with life but when you are detached from all of theses things and return only to Allah (swt) you find a tranquility you have never found before. Returning to Allah (swt) after you have indulged in pleasure and enslaved yourself to your vices and habits is a high you cannot match and it leads to real satisfaction.

29) So enter in amongst my (honoured) slaves

fa-dkhulee fee ‘ibaadi

The first gift was the

company of Allah (swt).

The second gift is the

company of the righteous slaves of Sang pencipta (swt).

This person read about the righteous that came before him, of Ibrahim (as), of the Messenger (saw), of Abu Bakr (ra) and wants to meet them and be with them. Thus, after Yang mahakuasa (swt) meets the tranquil nafs, He (swt) allows it to meet His other righteous slaves.

30) And enter into My Paradise

wa-dkhulee jannatee

After all these amazing gifts, Yang mahakuasa (swt) mentions Paradise last. Allah (swt) does titinada say enter Jannah, rather He (swt) says enterMy Jannah almost as if Tuhan (swt) wants to show what special arrangements He (swt) has made for this one special individual. He (swt) is not even talking to the ummah but rather He (swt) is individually addressing each person that enters Jannah.

He didn’t say enter your Jannah (which you achieved), but He said MY Jannah – so it must be so amazing that He attributes this Paradise – which He has made with His own hands – to Himself, His Perfection.

This transition to the individual illustrates that Allah (swt) is forcing us to picture ourselves in that Paradise.

May Allah (swt) make us from amongst those slaves of Allah that reach tranquility in this life and makes us of those slaves that take advantage of the profound days and acts of worship that are highlighted in the beginning of this surah and may Allah forgive our shortcomings in our ibaadaat, the way our minds wonder in salaah, the way we skip our prayers through laziness, the way we waste our nights in entertaining ourselves and may He make us from amongst His beloved slaves that enter into His company and into the company of His special slaves and His special paradise.